# Worksheet: Plaintiff's Settlement

** Abstract**: Most civil litigation is resolved by some agreement to settle the dispute, and in most civil litigation, the remedy is payment of money representing the value of the claim. As a lawsuit proceeds, the parties learn the strengths and weaknesses of each other's case and develop an idea about how much the case is really worth. This worksheet is designed to help you work with your lawyer toward a good settlement. The calculations are intended to help you figure out how much money is involved, and to distinguish the value of your legal claim from other kinds of damages.

__NOTE__

**The initial calculations in this worksheet will result in a value on the high side. You must not form any firm expectations about how much you might recover in a settlement. Your lawyer will have other information, opinions, and advice about your case for you to consider as you and your lawyer develop a settlement demand.**

**Also keep in mind that in settling the case, you are relieved of the time, expense, uncertainty, and stress of trial. That is worth something, too. The worksheet guides you through placing a value on these items as well.**

1. Why did you sue the defendant?

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

2. What result did you want from this lawsuit?

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

4. What kinds of monetary losses did the defendant's conduct cause you?

_____ Wages for time lost from work $___________

_____ Travel or lodging expenses $___________

_____ Value of item covered in contract $___________

_____ Cost of repairing damage to land you own

or buildings on the land $___________

_____ Damage to personal property, such as equipment,

vehicles, furniture, etc. $___________

_____ Lost profits $___________

_____ Future profits (some states don't allow) $___________

_____ Paying someone else to complete work

described in a contract with the defendant $___________

_____ The replacement cost of equipment or a product $___________

_____ Amount of loan defendant did not repay $___________

_____ Costs to repossess or foreclose on property

pledged for a loan $___________

_____ Damages or settlement in another lawsuit $___________

_____ Lawyer's fees and costs in another lawsuit $___________

_____ OTHER (Please explain) $___________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

**TOTAL** $___________

5. If your case involves a contract, does the contract have a clause requiring payment of interest? (A promissory note is a contract.)

Yes _______ No _______

6. If you answered "Yes" to question 5, what rate of interest is set forth in the contract?

________ % per year

7. If no rate is specified, or if your case involves something other than a breach of contract, enter the number 8 on the line in question 6.

8. How much time has elapsed since the defendant breached the contract or committed the act causing you monetary injury?

______ years _____ months

If you filled in the blank for "months," divide that number by 12 (unless you entered a zero) and enter the result in the space below. This number represents the number of months as a fraction of a year. Use only the first three numbers after the decimals. If the fourth number is five or more, add one to the third number.

_______________

Add this fraction to the number of years: _________________

(Use this number in the calculation below)

9. Complete the following calculation:

a. Amount of damages (from Question 4) $________________

b. Amount of interest per year:

(i) Multiply interest rate (question 6) by 0.01

_________ x 0.01 = ___________

(ii) Multiply the result in (i) above by the

amount on line (a) $________________ per year

c. Multiply result from line (b)(ii) above

by the number of years calculated in

Question 8. $________________

10. If your case arises from a breach of contract, did the contract have a clause requiring payment of lawyer's fees?

Yes _______ No _______

11. If you are being billed by the hour or on a flat-fee basis, what are your lawyer's fees to date? Do not include costs and expenses listed on your bill(s).

$_______________

12. If you are being billed by the hour, complete the following calculation:

a. Amount calculated in Question 4 $________________

b. Amount calculated in Question 9 $________________

c. Amount set forth in Question 11 $________________

d. Add lines (a) through (c) $________________

13. If you have a contingency agreement with your lawyer (you pay lawyer's fees only if you recover some money), what is the amount of the contingency?

_____________ %

14. If you have a contingency agreement, complete the following calculation:

a. Amount set forth in Question 4 $________________

b. Amount set forth in Question 9 $________________

c. Add lines (a) and (b) $________________

d. Multiply line (c) by 0.01

_________ x 0.01 = ___________

e. Multiply amount on line (d) by

the amount on line (c) $________________

f. Add line (e) to line (a) $________________

15. What expenses has your lawyer billed to you?

Filing fee to start lawsuit in court $___________

Fees to serve the defendant court papers $___________

Deposition expenses $___________

Other expenses arising from discovery $___________

Expert witness fee(s) $___________

Photocopying charges $___________

On-line computer time billed to your lawyer $___________

Travel, meals and lodging expenses $___________

Other $___________

**TOTAL** $___________

16. If you're paying your lawyer by the hour or on a flat-fee basis, add the total from Question 15 to the total from Question 12, line (d).

Amount from Question 12, line (d) $___________

Amount from Question 15 $___________

**TOTAL** $___________

This is the high-end value of your claim. Don't get hung up on it.

17. If you have agreed to pay your lawyer a percentage of your recovery, add the total from Question 15 to the total from Question 14, line (f).

Amount from Question 14 , line (f) $__________

Amount from Question 15 $__________

**TOTAL** $__________

This is the high-end value of your claim. Don't get hung up on it.

18. Unless you have a contract requiring the defendant to pay your lawyer's fees, you probably would not be allowed to recover them at trial. You may certainly ask for them as part of your settlement demand, however, but this may be the first item you will compromise in the interest in reaching a settlement. To adjust your settlement value accordingly, complete one of the following calculations.

A. If your lawyer is being paid by the hour or on a flat-fee basis, subtract the amount in Question 11 from the amount in Question 16.

Amount from Question 16 $__________

Amount from Question 11 $__________

**TOTAL** $__________

B. If your lawyer is to be paid a percentage of your total recovery, subtract the amount in Question 14 from the amount in Question 17.

Amount from Question 17 $__________

Amount from Question 14 $__________

**TOTAL** $__________

19. Now perform the same calculation for costs.

A. If your lawyer is being paid by the hour or on a flat-fee basis, subtract the amount in Question 15 from the amount in Question 18(A)

Amount from Question 18(A) $__________

Amount from Question 15 $__________

**TOTAL** $__________

B. If your lawyer is to be paid a percentage of your total recovery, subtract the amount in Question 15 from the amount in Question 18(B).

Amount from Question 18(B) $__________

Amount from Question 15 $__________

**TOTAL** $__________

20. Is the amount you calculated in Question 19 satisfactory?

_______ Yes _______ No

21. Try to place a value on the risk of going to trial and losing. Consider:

- Trial expenses (ask your lawyer what range they'd be in)
- The value of time you would lose if you had to attend trial (e.g., lost wages, child-care expense if you are a stay-at-home parent, and the like)
- The emotional cost of being center-stage at trial and the uncertainty of the result (this can be difficult to express as a monetary value, but try)
- The cost of stress during trial (also difficult to value)
- Suggestion: for the emotional cost and stress of trial, use 10% of the amount in Question 19(A) or 19(B).

22. What dollar amount do you place on the risk of trial?

$________________

23. Subtract the amount in Question 22 from your settlement amount to reflect these savings.

Amount set forth in Question 19(A) or 19(B) $_____________

Amount set forth in Question 22 $_____________

**TOTAL** $_____________

24. Is this amount satisfactory?

_______ Yes _______ No